Relay and solenoid valve

  • I'm building a farm microcontroller for my cultivation of basil and tomatoes,
    i obviously need a relay to control the solenoid valve for irrigation, but I found that to open the relay I need >= 15mA and a single pin of the FiPy can only deliver a maximum of 12mA (6mA recommended), so i would have a couple of questions:
    First, in the fipy pinout and in the expv3 pinout documentation i'm not sure if i can power the relay using the 5v output because of the
    incongruity as indicated in the photos below
    I was suggested to use a transistor for my purpose, but I really don't know how i could use it, i only know how
    theoretically a transistor work and if anyone could tell me how to do I would be very grateful.
    Thank you.

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  • @matthew said in Relay and solenoid valve:

    e if i can power the relay using the 5v o

    The "5V" label of the expansion board v. 3 is in reality the voltage input value.
    It can be around 5V when the board is connected with USB cable (if attached to a 5V source), but it is not when is power is sourced by the LiPo battery.
    On board there is a TPS2115A, that switches from one source to the other when, for example the battery is connected and we plug the USB cable.

    The Vin can be from 3.5 to 5.5 V.

    Solenoid valve control

    You can use many different options to control the solenoid valves as well as ways to power the solenoid valves and mechanical relay or equivalent driver.

    I personally prefer isolated solutions like optocouplers, solid state relays (photo MOSFET) (price went down in last years), ...
    An alternative can be, if You need to drive more than one, darlington transistor arrays like ULN2003, the low voltage ULN2003LV, or the newer equivalent TPL7407L.

    You can easily found mechanical relay boards with onboard optocoupler. You need to heck the datasheet to look for the mA at 3.3V that they sink.

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